Plastic used in food packaging

What is Plastic?

Plastic is defined as a high molecular weight and that can be modify into the like objects, films, any of the numerous organic synthetic or processed materials that are mostly thermoplastic or thermosetting polymers. So we discuss about plastic used in food packaging in this article.

Plastic used in food packaging very large, comprehensive family of materials with a good vary of properties that may meet almost each requirement of the packaging industry.

Plastic used in food packaging are oftenely into two main groups

(A) Thermoplastics

(B) Thermosets

(A) Thermoplastics

Thermoplastics are those materials which may be heat cool up and cooled repeatedly while not considerable loss of mechanical and physical properties.

Among the very wide selection of thermoplastics that are in massive quantities in packaging are

(1) polyethylene

Plastic used in food packaging

Polyethylene (PE) is done by chemical process of ethene. Polyethylenes are the versatile of all thermoplastics and are wide in the sector of packaging.

They are simple to Process, economically are used alone or together with alternative polymers to satisfy specific needs. They are shape of single-layer or multilayer films, blow-moulded con tainers, tubes, moulded and extruded laminates, etc.

Its advantages include higher stiffness, improved environmental stress-cracking resistance (ESCR) and heat distortion resistance. The foremost outlet is within the sort of films as within the case of LDPE.

(2) polypropylene

Plastic used in food packaging

Polypropylene (PP) could be a chemical compound having density (0.90 g/cc) . ery versatile attributable to its glorious processability, physical and mechanical properties and high heat distortion resistance.

The foremost retailers are within the sort of biaxially adjust cans, moulded transport containers, box strappings, plain-woven sacks etc.

Metallized films as wrappers and laminates, closures, and thermoforming and blister packaging.

(3) polystyrene

Plastic used in food packaging

Polystyrene (PS) is one in every of the earliest commercially available goods plastics.

It’s a very versatile material as a result of the convenience with that it combines with different polymers to grant the specified properties.

General purpose polystyrene (GPPS) is rigid, straightforward to method, features a smart surface end and provides protection throughout transportation.

High impact polystyrene (HIPS) has improved mechanical and physical properties. Expandable polystyrene is a wonderful padding mate rials.

The key retailers are injection blow-moulding bottles, artefact protection throughout transport, biaxially homeward films and thermoformed disposable products.

(4) polyvinyl chloride

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Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is additionally a flexible packaging material.

It will be for mulated with such a variety of additives that the range of physical properties potential appears endless.

It’s promptly accessible in thicknesses that vary from 0.002 to over 0.02 mm, extremely versatile semipermeable film.

PVC films that are uniaxially, preferentially or biaxially homeward also are accessible for food packaging.

(5) Nylon

Plastic used in food packaging

Nylons, additionally called polyamides (PA), are long chain molecules with organic compound functionalities as an integral a part of the continuance unit.

Nylon films will be professional duced by each the blown-film and also the cast-film processes. The high strength and toughness of nylon are increases by biaxal orientation.

Metallization of nylon films ends up in benefits like improved barrier to wet and gas prop erties, and smart visual attractiveness.

Additionally, the films have excellent flexibility, flex crack resistance and antistatic properties, and excellent printability.
don’t seem to be particularly smart barriers to vapour however are excellent gas barriers.

(6) Polyester

Polyethyleneterephthalate (PET), normally called polyester, may be a homopolyer made up of a acid, terephthalic acid, and glycol. the fabric has glorious clarity, rigidity, mechanical, physical and barrier properties, and might be in contact with most food product.

The most important applications of PET are within the type of stretched or biaxially oriented bottles for beverages, as well as wines, biaxially oriented films and metallized films together of the substrates in laminates for packing of foods, ovenable trays for frozen foods and PET co polymers for blister packaging.

(7) Ethylene-vinyl acetate

The polymerisation|chemical change|chemical action} process for ethylene-vinyl acetate (EVA) copolymers is comparable thereto for LDPE. EVA copolymers with a high vinyl acetate content are useful as additives for waxes and adhesives, to boost strength.

One advantage of EVA over versatile PVC is not depend on the presence of plasticizers which may be lost by migration or natural action.

(8) Ethylene-vinyl alcohol

Films of ethylene-vinyl alcohol (EVOH) are characterised by outstanding gas barrier properties and glorious resistance to odour and flavour permeance also as glorious processability.

These films are notably fitted to foods like pickles, soups, processed meats, condiments, coffee, tea, juices, sauces, jams, edible oils, beer, honey and dish dressings because of their special properties, such as: notably appropriate

(i) They resist oils and organic solvents therefore creating them for packaging of oily foods and edible oils.

(ii) With associate OH-group within the molecular structure of the chemical compound, the film sur face will be written while not pretreatment.

(iii) EVOH films maintain their superior barrier properties over a good vary of humidities.

(9) Polyvinylidene chloride

Polyvinylidene chloride (PVDC) resins are copolymers containing a minimum of 500th vinylidene chloride. More than ninetieth of the planet production is in food and medical packaging.

The properties of PVDC film include low porosity to part gases, wet and most flavour and aroma bodies o a good variety of agents. The key uses are for coating and film applications.

(10) lonomers

Plastic used in food packaging

The term ionomer was explain a family of chemical compounds. Which there are ionic forces between the polymer chains to the conventional valence bonds between the separate atoms in every chain.

Ionomers are primarily copolymers of ethene with a number of the acid teams gift within the form of a metal salt.

(B) Thermosets

Thermosets are those materials that soften once on the applying of sufficient heat, however harden on cooling.

They’re rarely the field the sphere of packag ing except during a little method for threaded closures created out of phenol-formaldehyde and urea-formaldehyde.

They in the main embody alkyd resins (polyester), allyls, amino, epoxy, furan, ionomer, phenol-formaldehyde, urea-formaldehyde, polyamides,and silicones.

Flexible packaging

Plastics are enjoying a significant role within the field of versatile packaging. within the type of laminates and multilayer.

The major retailers for such materials are the packaging of processed and convenience foods, dehydrated foods products, dehydrated malt products. Bournvita, fruit crush concentrate like Rasna, edible oils, vanaspati and clarified butter, milk etc.

Plastic packaging applications in food industries

Plastics due to their skillfulness are creating nice inroads into the field of packaging of a range of products, commutation typical materials . Ex. paper, wood, glass, tin and aluminium

They will be start to fulfill even the most hard to please performance needs of the product packaging.

Plastics are often born-again to any desired form or type by choosing one in all the various processes on the market for conversion.

Advantages of plastics for packaging

1) packages are pilfer-proof, temper-proof, break-resistant, corrosion resistant and leak proof.

2) Plastic are often processing into any desired form or type, like films, sheets, bottles, tubes, pouches, crates, etc.

3) Plastic packages not create any major disposal drawback or environmental hazard, since most plastics are often recycling for use.

4) Plastics are light-weight and less large than alternative packaging materials. hich ends in saving in value of storage and transportation.

5) Some new plastics have glorious barrier properties to wetness, odour, oxy information and alternative gases in order that the required shelf-life of varied products are often maintain.

6) They’re proof against most chemicals, non-toxic in nature. Completely safe to use even in direct contact with food products, medicines, etc.

7) They will be sterilization by all typical strategies.


It is all kinds of plastics are prefer in food packaging materials for the food industry

I hope you may get all the information concerning about which plastic used in food packaging, when reading my article. After this, if you’ve got any doubt then i will be able to help you tell me the comments section.

One thought on “Plastic used in food packaging

  • September 19, 2021 at 9:33 am

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